the Pavlodar region of Kazakhstan that shows not only did it exist, it existed around the same time early humans did.
Described as a mix of a rhino and a mammoth, the Siberian unicorn, Elasmotherium sibiricum, was far from equine. Before now, researchers thought the creature went extinct 350,000 years ago. Researchers have proven otherwise. Analyzing one skull, the researchers found that particular specimen to have died just 29,000 years ago.
How did this one survive while others were long gone? Researchers suggest the area where this specimen was found could have been a "refugium," or a part of Kazakhstan where the animals had a better chance of survival.
Migration could have played a role as well, researchers say. According to experts, the part of Kazakhstan where the fossil was found could have been a comparatively gentle microclimate while the larger population died out in harsher conditions elsewhere. Understanding of the past allows us to make more accurate predictions about natural processes in the near future. This glimpse at such a resilient animal may provide clues to climate change.